London Legal Walk 2017

Hello Hugo

I participated in the above last week Monday; below is the team photograph followed by some photos taken by me along the route through the West End and Green and Hyde Parks.  We were also amongst those featured in the Law Society Gazette.  Walk 1

Walk 2

Walk 3

Walk 4

Walk 5

walk 6

Walk 7

Walk 8

Walk 9

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Japan’s mega-sinkhole is repaired in just a WEEK

Japan’s mega-sinkhole is repaired in just a WEEK (remember that next time you’re caught up in roadworks or hit another pot hole)

  • Constructions teams worked around the clock to fix the damage in the city of Fukuoka
  • The gaping chasm measured around 30 metres wide and 15 metres deep
  • Social media users have voiced their amazement after it opened so fast
  • The city’s mayor, Soichiro Takashima, apologized for the inconvenience 

While motorists around the world endure the misery of pothole damage, authorities in Japan have given a lesson in efficiency – by fixing a huge sinkhole in just one week.

The gaping chasm measured around 30 metres wide and 15 metres deep, yet now the road is completely reopened.

Many people have expressed their amazement at the fast repair work.

The busy road pictured last week (left) and today (right) after crews worked around the clock to ensure it opened again seven days after collapsing

The busy road pictured last week (left) and today (right) after crews worked around the clock to ensure it opened again seven days after collapsing

Workers dumped huge amounts of wet cement and sand into the huge hole and fixing electricity, gas and water lines, as shown in this picture taken on Thursday last week

Workers dumped huge amounts of wet cement and sand into the huge hole and fixing electricity, gas and water lines, as shown in this picture taken on Thursday last week

What a difference a week makes: The five-land stretch of road today (left) and in the aftermath of the collapse

What a difference a week makes: The five-land stretch of road today (left) and in the aftermath of the collapse

Huge damage: The gaping chasm measured around 30 metres wide and 15 metres deep

Huge damage: The gaping chasm measured around 30 metres wide and 15 metres deep

Construction teams in Fukuoka, in the southwest of the country, worked around the clock, dumping huge amounts of wet cement and sand into the huge hole and fixing electricity, gas and water lines.

It is thought the road collapsed because subway construction exposed support columns of nearby buildings.

The city’s mayor, Soichiro Takashima, said in a statement: ‘We’re very sorry for causing great trouble.’

Burst water mains spewed a torrent of muddy water into the giant hole, which caused chaos in the city's business district

Burst water mains spewed a torrent of muddy water into the giant hole, which caused chaos in the city’s business district

Massive problem: Nearby buildings had to be evacuated as a result of the road collapse

Massive problem: Nearby buildings had to be evacuated as a result of the road collapse

Miraculously, no one was hurt when the road collapsed in Fukuoka, which is the biggest city on the southernmost main island of Kyushu.

Many on social media expressed amazement at the quick recovery.

‘I’m surprised the road reopened in a week!’ one Twitter user said.

The road reopened in just a week after a huge repair operation which saw teams operating around the clock

The road reopened in just a week after a huge repair operation which saw teams operating around the clock

Construction teams worked around the clock to repair the damage to the road following the sudden collapse

Construction teams worked around the clock to repair the damage to the road following the sudden collapse

‘Impressive. That was fast,’ said another.

The street reopened at 5am on Tuesday.

The massive cave-in appeared in the city’s bustling Hakata district, a major business and entertainment centre, with muddy underground water flowing into the hole.

Scale of the problem: An aerial photo of the city's business district shows the size of the gaping sinkhole which opened up

Scale of the problem: An aerial photo of the city’s business district shows the size of the gaping sinkhole which opened up

It happened in the business district of the city of Fukuoka

It happened in the business district of the city of Fukuoka

‘I saw a stop light fall. It was really scary,’ one man told Fuji TV after it happened.

The sinkhole is believed to be about 40 feet wide and 25-30 feet deep.

Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-3936796/Japan-street-swallowed-giant-hole-reopens.html#ixzz4Q5BoafBY
Follow us: @MailOnline on Twitter | DailyMail on Facebook

Source:  “Japan’s mega-sinkhole is repaired in just a week”, Mail Online, 15 November 2016 

Further reading (updated 29 November 2016):  “Panic in Japan as giant sinkhole which was repaired in just a week begins to sink again, forcing road to close (so did they carry out the repairs too quickly?)”, Mail Online, 28 November 2016 

National Cat Day – Japan

BBC

These are the amazing things you can do in Japan on Cat Day

  • 5 hours ago
  • From the section Asia
Cats crowd the harbour on Aoshima Island in the Ehime prefecture in southern Japan February 25, 2015Image copyright Reuters

Are you a cat person? If so, Japan is the place to be on 22 February because this is when Cat Day is celebrated.

Now in its 30th year, Cat Day has lit up Japanese social media with endless portraits of …cats as well as cat-themed doughnuts, cat-shaped biscuits, cat manga, cats staring soulfully out of windows, kittens mewing expectantly and so on. On this day it is Japan’s hugest trend on social media.

What happens on Cat Day?

Known as “Neko no Hi”, it was chosen because the date’s numerals, 2/22 (ni ni ni), are pronounced fairly closely to the sound a cat makes in Japan (nyan nyan nyan).

You can play tricks on your cat

Picture of Twitter user RitzChan's catImage copyright Twitter / @RitzChan_
Image caption This Twitter user pranked a sleeping pet cat which woke up to find itself buried under an avalanche of toy mice
Tweet by @HirokiAsai_0201 of his catImage copyright Twitter / @HirokiAsai_0201
Image caption Another user felt the need to get close to his pet on Cat Day

You can dress up as a cat

Tweet by @yancoromarch on Cat DayImage copyright Twitter / @yancoromarch
Image caption One famous cosplayer who donned cat ears was Yancoromarch

Enthusiasts of cosplay, the art of dressing up like animated characters, posted pictures of themselves dressed as cats, or wearing “nekomimi” (cat’s ears).

You can make food look like cats

Tweet by @_HO_TA_TE_ on cat-shaped onigiri ballsImage copyright Twitter / @_HO_TA_TE_
Image caption Some have celebrated by making cat-shaped food, like rice balls

You can monetise cats

Over the years the day has become a commercial success, with shops and businesses releasing cat-themed items.

Tweet by @ikumi_mama on special donuts for Cat DayImage copyright Twitter / @ikumi_mama
Image caption Ikumi Mama, a bakery known for producing animal-shaped pastries, released a special set of cat doughnuts
Tweet by @nekokeizai on Kaldi Coffee FarmImage copyright Twitter / @nekokeizai
Image caption Kaldi Coffee Farm, which sells coffee and imported foods, released a special cat-themed bag for the day, including tea, biscuits and a calendar

Disney in Japan declared the day to be “Marie Day,” after the young female character from the Aristocats, while newspaper Asahi Shimbun marked the occasion with a special report from one of Japan’s cat cafes, where you can sit for an hour or two in the company of numerous pampered and purring moggies.

Tweet by @bonjour_licca on Cat DayImage copyright Twitter/ @bonjour_licca
Image caption Japan’s answer to Barbie, Licca-chan, added her take on the day with a catty outfit

How did it start?

The event began in 1987 after an Executive Cat Day Committee polled cat-lovers across Japan and decided that February 22 should be Cat Day.

Other countries also have days to celebrate cats, but few marked with as much enthusiasm as Japan’s.

Some of Japan’s celebrity cats

A cat called Tama made headlines after becoming honorary stationmaster of a train station in Wakayama prefecture. Wearing a special cat-sized stationmaster’s hat, she was a popular tourist attraction until her death in June 2015.

Tama was duly inducted into a hall of fame for the station’s train line in February 2016.

A woman tries to take a photo of 'Tama', a nine-year-old female tortoiseshell cat wearing a formal stationmaster's cap of the Wakayama Electric Railway, as the feline sits on a ticket gate at Kishi station on the Kishigawa line in the city of Kinokawa, in Wakayama prefecture on 22 May 2008.Image copyright AFP/Getty Images
Image caption Tama pulled in fans and tourists till her death last year

Meanwhile, a cat called Maru became an internet sensation with a series of YouTube videos. The videos have had huge viewing figures since 2008, with one early film gaining 21.7 million views.

And then there’s Nyancat – the internet meme which features a flying cartoon cat, creating an infinite rainbow through space, set to the sound of Hatsune Miku, a “vocaloid” human-sounding synthesiser.

The original video has been viewed 131 million times.

This is probably the day to clear up a common misconception about the global phenomenon that is Hello Kitty – the white cat without a mouth first unveiled by Japanese company Sanrio in the 1970s. Not a cat, but a girl and actually British to boot.

In this 24 July 2014 file photo, a model dressing as Japanese character Hello Kitty, right, along with Hong Kong actresses Priscilla Wong, left, and Celine Yeung, second from left, pose with a new figure of Hello Kitty unveiled at the Madame Tussauds in Hong Kong, to mark the 40th anniversary of the birth of the popular Sanrio character.Image copyright AP
Image caption Hello Kitty now has her own Madame Tussauds wax figurine in Hong Kong

But what if you’re not a cat person?

Fret not. This day, 22 February, is also Ninja Day in Japan (another play on ‘two’ being pronounced as ‘ni’).

Koka city in Shiga prefecture is one of the better known places to celebrate this occasion, with town hall staff dressing as elusive assassins for the day.

Governors and mayors from Mie, Shiga, Kanagawa prefecture and former tourism agency chief Hiroshi Mizohata (first row, R) pose in ninja costumes for photos as they hold a press conference in Tokyo on 8 March 2015.Image copyright AFP/Getty Images
Image caption Officials in Shiga dressed up in ninja costumes last year to promote ninja tourism

Reporting by Jordan Allen, a freelance journalist in Tokyo.

Source:  “These are the amazing things that you can do in Japan on Cat Day”, BBC News, 22 February 2016

The Scottish mother of Japanese whisky

BBC

The Scottish mother of Japanese whisky

Rita Taketsuru

Scotch enthusiasts found it hard to swallow recently when a Japanese single malt was named the world’s best whisky.  But the fact that a Scot played a key role in establishing the hard stuff in Japan may make that news more palatable for some.

Jessie Roberta Cowan, from Kirkintilloch, had little idea how much her life was going to change when a young Japanese man took up lodgings at her family home in 1918.

Masataka Taketsuru had come to Scotland to study the art of whisky-making, taking up chemistry at Glasgow University before becoming an apprentice at Longmorn Distillery in Speyside and later at Hazelburn Distillery in Campbeltown.

Masataka and Jessie – who was known as Rita – soon formed a strong bond and on 8 January 1920 they married in a Glasgow registry office.

It was the beginning of a long journey that was to end with Rita becoming known as the mother of Japanese whisky.

Masataka Taketsuru
Masataka Taketsuru came to Scotland to learn the art of whisky-making

Shortly after their marriage, Rita followed her husband back to Japan as he pursued his dream of building his own distillery.

By 1923 he was in Kyoto, working for Kotobukiya – later to become Japanese drinks giant Suntory – tasked with building Japan’s first genuine whisky plant at Yamazaki.

A decade later, he prepared to start up his own distillery at Yoichi, marking the beginnings of what was to become major Japanese drinks business Nikka.

Rita’s role in helping Masataka produce his first whisky in 1940 cannot be underestimated, according to Nikka Whisky international sales manager Emiko Kaji.

“Rita played a very important role in Masataka’s life work,” she said.

“She provided not only moral support but also financial support when they had a difficult time.

“She made every effort to adopt herself to the Japanese culture and stay with him all the time, even during the world war.”

Mr Kaji added: “It is said that she was good at Japanese cooking and served traditional Japanese dishes.

“Her income from teaching English and piano sometimes helped the household.

“Rita’s network through the job also connected Masataka with other investors to establish his own company.

“Masataka could not have overcome a lot of difficulties without loyal support by Rita.”

Nikka Whisky Distillery at Yoichi
The Nikka distillery is still operating in Yoichi

Yoichi was a world away from the bustling city of Kyoto. Based on the northernmost main island of Japan, Hokkaido, it offered a much more isolated way of life.

But Masataka saw it as the perfect place to build a distillery.

Colin Ross, from the Nikka-owned Ben Nevis distillery at Fort William, said: “He chose Yoichi because it looked a lot like Scotland, felt like Scotland and the temperature was much the same as here.”

Rita launched herself into Japanese culture, speaking only Japanese and following local traditions, but her life was to change during World War Two.

Her great-nephew Harry Hogan, from Newton Mearns in East Renfrewshire, said: “I think during the second world war it was very difficult because a lot of the Japanese turned against them – against her particularly.

Masataka and Rita Taketsuru
Masataka and Rita married in Scotland in 1920

“The story goes that even her own (adopted Japanese) daughter turned against her slightly because of the fact that she was British.”

According to Urs Matthias Zachmann, head of Asian Studies at the University of Edinburgh, the Japanese authorities also made life difficult for her.

He said: “Their house was searched because they had an antenna on the rooftop and the special police thought that she might be a spy, contacting British or Russian forces, whatever.

“It has been said that the company workers tried to speak on her behalf and defend her.”

But Rita stayed put and the Yoichi distillery soon prospered as the Japanese appetite for genuine whisky grew in the face of a wartime import ban.

Rita died at the age of 63 in 1961, but her legacy lives on in Yoichi, whose main street is named Rita Road.

She is also far from forgotten in her adopted nation as a whole.

The story of her relationship with the man who became known as the father of Japanese whisky has just hit the small screen in Japan.

TV drama Massan is a fictionalised account of Rita’s travels to Japan and Masataka’s attempts to begin the Nikka Whisky distilling company, which is now owned by drinks group Asahi.

The show has quite literally lifted spirits at the business.

Nikka Whisky International Sales Manager Emiko Kaji said: “We have been experiencing a kind of ‘Nikka boom’ or ‘whisky boom’ since the NHK drama Massan started at the end of September.

“Our domestic sales are growing by almost 20% and the number of the visitors to Yoichi distillery in 2014 increased by 50% compared with the previous year.”

Masataka died in August 1979 at the age of 85 and was laid to rest beside his wife in Yoichi.

Rita’s life may have ended in 1961 – but for many Japanese, her spirit lives on.

Source:  “The Scottish mother of Japanese whisky”, BBC News, 11 January 2015

Further Reading:

Nikka Whisky (English)

Ben Nevis Distillery

“Humiliation for Scotland as Japan’s whisky is named ‘best in world’ (and even the English do better than the Scots)”, Daily Mail, 2 November 2014

“‘Best whisky in the world’ prize won by Japanese single malt for first time as Scottish distilleries lose out”, The Independent, 3 November 2014 (cited in BBC News article above)

“Scotland loses out as Japanese whisky named best in the world”, The Telegraph, 3 November 2014

“Suntory time: Japanese whisky named world’s best in sour dram for Scotland”, The Guardian, 4 November 2014

The name “Hugo”

The name Hugo has made it into the top 100 baby names for boys in England and Wales; the latest list of popular baby names was issued by the Office for National Statistics (ONS) a few days ago.   When Hugo was born in 2008, it was fairly unusual name in the UK. The information below is reproduced from the ONS website:

 

 

Top 100 baby names in England and Wales in 2012

Word clouds for the 100 most popular names for boys and girls are given below. The size of a name represents how many times that name was given, rather than the rank of that name.

Within the 100 most popular boys’ names given to babies born in England and Wales in 2012, there were only seven new entries:

  • Hugo at number 88 (up 51 places from 139)
  • Sonny at number 90 (up 18 places from 108),
  • Seth at number 91 (up 10 places from 101),
  • Elliott at number 95 (up 12 places from 107),
  • Theodore at number 97 (up 27 places from 124),
  • Rory at number 99 (up 11 places from 110), and
  • Ellis at number 100 (up 3 places from 103).

These replaced Joel (101), Hayden (102), John (104), Ashton (111), Jackson (113), Ben (118) and Reece (122) which fell out of the top 100.

Bobby showed the largest rise within the top 100, gaining 19 places to reach number 57. Frankie (up 18 to number 66), Arthur (up 16 to number 52), Jenson and Blake (up 13 to numbers 54 and 66 respectively) were also high climbers.

Aiden (down 19 to number 80), Finlay (down 17 to number 83), Jamie (down 15 to 64) and Rhys (down 14 to number 84) showed the largest falls within the top 100.

There were six new entries in the top 100 most popular girls’ names, which were:

  • Mollie at number 84 (up 29 places from 113),
  • Ivy at number 88 (up 80 places from 168),
  • Darcey at number 89 (up 42 places from 131),
  • Tilly at number 92 (up 11 places from 103),
  • Sara at number 99 (up 10 places from 109), and
  • Violet at number 100 (up 14 places from 114).

These replaced Lexie (102), Lauren (103), Rebecca (108), Tia (116), Nicole (119) and Kayla (135) which fell out of the top 100.

Elsie, which rose 17 places between 2011 and 2012 to 70, was the highest climber within the top 100, followed by Hollie (up 14 to number 54), Maryam (up 13 to number 81) and Bella (up 11 to number 58).

Isobel (down 18 to number 98), Megan (down 12 to number 41), Amy (down 11 to number 62) and Caitlin (down 11 to number 97) were the names with the largest falls in popularity within the top 100.

There are a number of possible reasons why the popularity of baby names can change over time. The popularity of names can be influenced by names of famous figures or current celebrities and what they name their own babies. However, it is an individual choice which can be influenced by a number of other factors such as the religious, cultural and/or ethnic identities of the parents or the names of family, friends or fictional characters. As such, there is a great diversity of baby names. In 2012, there were 729,674 live births in England and Wales (ONS, 2013), with over 28,000 different boys’ names and over 36,000 different girls’ names registered. The top 10 names only account for 13% of all names in 2012.

 

Changes between 2002 and 2012

Five of the top 10 most popular boys’ names in 2012 were also in the top 10 in 2002: Jack, Thomas, James, William and Oliver.

When compared with 2002, the biggest increases in popularity for those names in the top 10 in 2012 were Riley (up 114 to number 8), Alfie (up 42 to number 7), Charlie (up 25 to number 4) and Jacob (up 25 to number 5). Benjamin (down 26 to number 32), Joseph (down 14 to number 22), Daniel (down 11 to number 16) and Joshua (down 9 to number 11) have fallen the furthest since being in the top 10 in 2002.

Within the top 100 names, Kayden (up 662 to number 92), Dexter (up 327 to number 70), Ollie (up 306 to number 73) and Jenson (up 242 to number 54) were the highest climbers between 2002 and 2012.

Among the most popular names for baby girls, four names appear in the top 10 in both 2002 and 2012: Olivia, Jessica, Emily and Sophie.

Of the names in the top 10 in 2012, Isla (up 268 to number 8), Ava (up 198 to number 6), Isabella (up 40 to number 10) and Amelia (up 24 to number 1) were the highest climbing new entries when compared with 2002, while Megan (down 35 to number 41), Hannah (down 34 to number 42), Ellie (down 31 to number 35) and Lucy (down 17 to number 27) have fallen the furthest since 2002.

Within the top 100 names, Lexi (up 1,613 to number 46), Ivy (up 911 to number 88), Bella (up 677 to number 58) and Violet (up 556 to number 100) were the highest climbers between 2002 and 2012.

Seasonal variations

Harry was the most popular boys’ name in eight months during 2012, with Oliver claiming the top spot in August, September, October and November. Amelia was number one in every month of 2012, with second spot shared between Olivia, Jessica and Lily; with seven, four and one appearance(s) respectively. There were 14 boys’ names and 15 girls’ names that reached the top 10 for at least one month during 2012.

Holly (number 25 in the annual ranks), the third most popular name for girls in December (number 16 in January), fell to number 44 in June. Summer (number 40 in the annual ranks) reached number 20 in June and August but fell to number 92 in December.

Regional variations

There are some similarities between the top 10 most popular names in England and in Wales in 2012. For boys the two countries have eight common names in the top 10, while for girls the two countries have five common names. However, Jacob is the most popular name for boys born to mothers usually resident in Wales. There are two names in the top 10 for Wales which are not in the top 10 for England: Dylan (number 28 in England) and Mason (number 32 in England). Amelia is the most popular name for girls born to mothers usually resident in England and in Wales. The five names in the top 10 for Wales which are not in the top 10 for England are: Ruby (number 13 in England), Seren (number 151 in England), Evie (number 11 in England), Ella (number 19 in England) and Grace (number 14 in England).

Table 2: Top 10 baby names, by country, 2012

England and Wales

Boys   Girls
Rank England Wales Rank England Wales
1 Harry Jacob 1 Amelia Amelia
2 Oliver Oliver 2 Olivia Ava
3 Jack Riley 3 Jessica Mia
4 Charlie Jack 4 Emily Lily
5 Jacob Alfie 5 Lily Olivia
6 Thomas Harry 6 Ava Ruby
7 Alfie Charlie 7 Isla Seren
8 Riley Dylan 8 Sophie Evie
9 William William 9 Mia Ella
10 James Mason 10 Isabella Grace

Table source: Office for National Statistics

Download table

 

Harry was the most popular name for boys in seven of the regions in England. Jack was the most popular in the North East and Muhammad was the most popular in London.

Among baby girls, Amelia was the most popular name in all regions, in contrast to 2011 when four different names were most popular in at least one region.

Table 3: Most popular name by region 2012

Regions within England and Wales

Region Boys  Girls
North East Jack Amelia
North West Harry Amelia
Yorkshire and The Humber Harry Amelia
East Midlands Harry Amelia
West Midlands Harry Amelia
East Harry Amelia
London Muhammad Amelia
South East Harry Amelia
South West Harry Amelia
Wales Jacob Amelia

Table source: Office for National Statistics

Download table

Users and uses of baby name statistics

Users of baby name statistics can be split into five groups;

  • Individuals, which includes parents and soon-to-be parents who want to pick a rare or a popular name for their child or are simply seeking inspiration. Other individuals include people interested in the popularity of their name or the names of friends and family, or names from a particular origin,
  • Special interest groups, such as Bounty, produce their own popularity lists and compare their lists with those published by ONS,
  • Those involved in the manufacture and sale of named items, such as mugs,
  • Researchers, who examine how names are changing over the years and possibly how this reflects changes in culture,
  • Journalists who report and produce articles on the popularity of names.

Further information

More detailed data for 2012 baby names are available on the ONS website. Data for 1996-2011 baby names and historical ranks of baby names for 1904-1994 (top 100 ranks at ten year intervals) are also available (see background note 6).

Quality and Methodology Information (98.8 Kb Pdf) documents for baby name and birth statistics are available on the ONS website. Further information on data quality, legislation and procedures relating to births is available in the births metadata (375.7 Kb Pdf) .

A baby names comparison tool is available which allows you to analyse changing trends in boys and girls names in England and Wales. The tool enables comparison of baby name rankings in 2012 with 2011 and 2002.

An accompanying video podcast for the 2011 release, using audio commentary and graphical animations to cover the key trends in baby names is also available.

National Records of Scotland provides baby names statistics for Scotland.

Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency provides baby name statistics for Northern Ireland.

A user feedback survey for the baby names release took place in July 2011. The results and responses to this survey (105.7 Kb Pdf) are available on the ONS website.

References

Office for National Statistics (2013) Births in England and Wales, 2012

Background notes

  1. Birth registration is a legal requirement under the Births and Deaths Registration Act (1836). The registration of births occurring in England and Wales is a service carried out by the Local Registration Service in partnership with the General Register Office (GRO).
  2. The published ranks have been produced using exact spelling of first names given on the birth certificate. Grouping names with similar pronunciation would change the ranks. Although some groupings are straightforward, others are more a matter of opinion, and thus raw data are given so users can group if they wish.
  3. The separate England and Wales ranks are based on the usual residence of the mother, rather than where the baby was born.
  4. Births where the name of the baby was not stated (16 boys and 9 girls in the 2012 dataset) were excluded from all the ranks. Births where the usual residence of the mother was not in England and Wales or not stated (103 boys and 92 girls in the 2012 dataset) were excluded from the regional ranks and from the separate England and Wales ranks.
  5. Baby names with a count of two or less are not included within the tables in order to protect the confidentiality of individuals.
  6. ONS took on the responsibility for producing baby name statistics in 2009 and do not have the necessary data to be able to compile figures prior to 1996. For years prior to 1996, the top 100 rankings put together by GRO are published for all possible years (1904-1994 at 10-yearly intervals). This represents all the historic data available.
  7. Special extracts and tabulations of baby names data for England and Wales are available to order (subject to legal frameworks, disclosure control, resources and agreements of costs, where appropriate). Such enquiries should be made to:Vital Statistics Outputs Branch Office for National Statistics Segensworth Road Titchfield Fareham Hampshire PO15 5RR Tel: +44 (0)1329 444 110 E-mail: vsob@ons.gsi.gov.uk

    The ONS charging policy is available on the ONS website.

  8. We would welcome feedback on the content, format and relevance of this release. Please send feedback to the postal or email address above.
  9. Follow ONS on Twitter and Facebook.
  10. Details of the policy governing the release of new data are available by visiting www.statisticsauthority.gov.uk/assessment/code-of-practice/index.html or from the Media Relations Office email: media.relations@ons.gsi.gov.ukThe United Kingdom Statistics Authority has designated these statistics as National Statistics, in accordance with the Statistics and Registration Service Act 2007 and signifying compliance with the Code of Practice for Official Statistics.

    Designation can be broadly interpreted to mean that the statistics:

    • meet identified user needs;
    • are well explained and readily accessible;
    • are produced according to sound methods; and
    • are managed impartially and objectively in the public interest.

    Once statistics have been designated as National Statistics it is a statutory requirement that the Code of Practice shall continue to be observed.

Statistical contacts

Name Phone Department Email
Elizabeth  McLaren +44 (0)1329 444110 Vital Statistics Outputs Branch vsob@ons.gsi.gov.uk
Get all the tables for this publication in the data section of this publication .